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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).

  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.

  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.

  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.

  • If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.

Author Guidelines

General Author Guidelines

Research articles, review papers, or case studies on the business and management field and other related topics are especially encouraged. English and/or Bahasa Indonesia should be used for all submissions to the journal. It is recommended that authors who do not speak English as their first language have their papers proofread for grammar and clarity before submission. 

All manuscripts must be submitted to the Editorial Office online at the E-Journal portal address, where the author registers as an author and/or offers as a reviewer online. If authors have any problems with the online submission, don't hesitate to get in touch with the Editorial Office at the following email address: 

The author should conduct a plagiarism check for the final manuscript with a maximum similarity of 20 percent. 

Manuscript Template

The following author instructions in the template for an article should be followed when preparing the manuscript: Format DOC download.

Reviewing of manuscripts

At least two peer reviewers independently evaluate each submitted paper. Their reports and recommendations provide the basis for publication, amendment, or rejection decisions. 

A statement summarizing why two or more reviewers considered an article unsuitable for publication in this journal would be provided to the authors no later than three months after the submission date.

The editor should receive any manuscripts returned to the authors for editing as soon as possible. Revised papers can be emailed to the editorial office through the Online Submission Interface. More than three months later, manuscripts updated and returned will be classified as "new submissions."

Manuscripts sent back to the authors for revision should be returned to the editor immediately. Revised manuscripts can be sent to the editorial office through the Online Submission Interface. The revised manuscripts returned later than three months will be considered new submissions.

Manuscript Preparation Guidelines

The manuscripts represent academic research in business, finance, and management. Upon the publication of the manuscript, the author should provide a letter stating that the manuscripts have never been, or are under consideration to be, published in other journal publications.

Author Guidelines

  1. The article should be within the scope and focus of this journal.
  2. The article is sent in Ms.Word format with the following conditions:
    • A4 paper with the page margin; Left (2,5 cm), top (3 cm), Right (2,5 cm), and bottom (1,5 cm);
    • Articles may be up to 12 pages in length, excluding indexing. 
    • Conjunctions in the title (and, in, or with, as well, about, that, against, so, because, then, for the sake) and prepositions (in, to, from, into, within, by, through) are written in
  1. Cite all relevant references.
  2. Do not include plagiarized obscene, libelous, or defamatory material.
  3. Please do not insert page numbers.
  4. Give credit to other people who have helped or influenced your work.
  5. Articles are written with the following regulations.
  • TITLE (Times New Roman 16; contains uppercase on the whole and bold; 1 space).
  • Author(s) Name(Times New Roman 12 and bold; 1 space).
  • Author(s) Affiliation (Times New Roman 10; 1 space) contains the name of the institution/ organization/workplace/author’s works/study place.
  • Correspondence(Times New Roman 10 and italic, 1 space) only contains the first author’s email address.
  • Abstract (Garamond 10; contains uppercase in the first letter and bold; 1 space). The manuscript abstract is written in English and Bahasa Indonesia only. 
    • Abstracts are summaries/extracts of scientific articles (manuscripts) of objectives, problem phenomena, data and methods, findings/results, conclusions, and managerial implications/ contributions. 180-200 words. (Garamond 10)

  • Keywords(Garamond 10; bold; italic) and their contents (Calisto MT 10) are written in English, with several 4-6 keywords.
  • INTRODUCTION (Times New Roman 12 and bold) and its contents (Times New Roman 11; 1 space).
    • The introduction explains three essential things in scientific articles: the phenomenon of problems, the rationality of research, and the existing business gap to justify why this research is critical for the economic and business fields. Explanations of general data: the data is increasingly conical to be more specific according to the topic of discussion. The introduction should rely on several vital references (around 5-10 recent related articles) to support the rationality of this research. The final part of the introduction includes the problem formulation, research gap, objectives, specific benefits of this study, and novelty (if any). (Calisto MT 10).

  • LITERATURE AND HYPOTHESIS (if any) (Times New Roman 12 and bold) and its contents (Times New Roman 11; 1 space)
    • This section discusses studies/reviews of journals, articles, books, and other relevant sources. Hypothesis formulation is presented in this section as an in-depth elaboration of the hypothesis argument used. The hypothesis developed must be based on standard theory and the results of previous research. It is recommended that each hypothesis be supported by at least four significant references that you use. (Times New Roman-11)

  • DATA AND METHODS (Times New Roman 12 and bold) and its contents (Times New Roman 11; 1 space).
    • This section explains the data (population and sample) and the method of measuring research variables (variables description) so they can easily be replicated. In the method section, generally, some models will be used to analyze the data obtained.
  • RESULTS (Times New Roman 12 and bold) and its contents (Times New Roman 11; 1 space).
    • They presented data analysis from the initial data testing process and descriptive analysis of the results and findings resulting from an analysis of statistical and econometric models determined in the research method. The analysis process must be continuous, structured, and systematic so that the reader understands well after each step produces the findings, then discussed in statistics or econometrics first.

  • DISCUSSION (Times New Roman 12 and bold) and its contents (Times New Roman 11; 1 space). Descriptions of the findings and discussion should be made separately.
    • Discussion is a crucial part of a scientific article where an in-depth interpretation of the results or findings of a study. The discussion should involve a dynamic process and comparison with relevant previous studies based on specific scholarship. Discuss each finding carefully to produce representative conclusions and follow the study's objectives. This part should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them. A combined Results and Discussion section is often appropriate. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature.

  • CONCLUSION AND SUGGESTION (Times New Roman 12 and bold) and its contents (Times New Roman 11; 1 space).
    • The conclusion summarizes the results of the discussion of the results and findings of the study. This section is the main idea of the scientific article (main idea) that is in line with the purposes of the article. Suggest the conclusion in 3-4 paragraphs of medium size, with the last paragraph being managerial implications.

      Recommendation (If any)

      Give advice or recommendations to relevant parties related to this study. Suggestions should be specific, informative, and actionable (max 100 words).

      Limitations and Avenues for Future Research

      Explain in one paragraph (max 100 words) the limitations of the article we compiled related to the purpose/problem, the data, and the method or design of the analysis. This article should also provide input for an avenue for future research.

      Competing interests
      The authors must declare all relevant interests that might be seen as conflicting. Writers should explain why each conflicting interest exists. If there are no disputes, the writers should say this. The authors that submit the paper are responsible for coauthors reporting their conflicts of interest
  • REFERENCES Sources of citations and bibliography must be the same. The writing format of a bibliography refers to the American Psychological Association (APA). Citation and bibliography writing are advised to use the Mendeley application.

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