Pemanfaatan Daun Kelor (Moringa oleifera Lam) sebagai Bahan Obat Tradisional dan Bahan Pangan

Marina Silalahi

Abstract


Moringa oleifera (MO) merupakan salah satu tumbuhan nutrasetikal karena selain memiliki nilai nutrisi juga berfungsi dalam penyembuhan penyakit. Bila dibandingakan dengan Zingiberaceae, polularitas MO jauh tertinggal, oleh karena itu diperlukan kajian mendalam mengenai manfaat MO sehingga potensi pemanfaatannya bisa dikembangkan. Kajian ini bertujuan membahas secara konfrehensif mengenai pemanfaatan MO sebagai bahan pangan dan obat yang didasarkan pada studi literature. Literature diperoleh secara online di Google scholar dengan menggunakan kata kunci Moringa oleifera, uses MO, dan bioactivities MO. MO memiliki berbagai efek terapi sebagai antimikroba, antikanker, hepetoprotektif, anti diabetes mellitus, dan antioksidan, menghambat menopause. MO kaya nutrisi mengandung berbagai senyawa penting terutama di daun dan dapat digunakan untuk mengatasi malnutrisi. Kandungan gizi MO sebanyak 7 kali lebih banyak vitamin C dari jeruk, 10 kali lebih banyak vitamin A dari pada wortel, 17 kali lebih banyak kalsium daripada susu, 9 kali lebih banyak protein daripada yoghurt, 15 kali lebih banyak pisang dan 25 kali lebih banyak zat besi daripada bayam. MO merupakan salah satu alternatif bahan pangan yang sangat potensial untuk mengatasi malnutrisi sekaligus memiliki efek pharmaceutikal.

Keywords


Moringa oleifera; anti-mikroba; nutraseutikal

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.33476/ms.v7i2.1703

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