A Literature Review of the Trauma of Women Victims of Sexual Trafficking


  • Titania Caesary Rachmadhani Universitas Airlangga
  • Syntia Agung Liana Puspita Universitas Airlangga
  • Ika Yuniar Cahyanti Universitas Airlangga
  • Ike Herdiana Universitas Airlangga



women, sexual trafficking, trauma


Sexual trafficking is one of the scariest living conditions and is often a traumatic experience for victims who experience it. The traumatic experiences experienced by victims of sexual trafficking often lead to long-term trauma and lead to a variety of mental disorders. The purpose of writing this article is to explain how trauma faced by victims of sexual trafficking and the handling of trauma that can be given to victims of sexual trafficking. This article is based on a literature review and research journal accessed from the official websites of Google Scholar, Science Direct, Research Gate, and SAGE Publisher. A literature review revealed that there are many impacts experienced by victims of sexual trafficking. These impacts include physical impacts, psychological and social impacts, so that victims of sexual trafficking often experience trauma even though they have been released from the trap of sexual trafficking. Forms of trauma faced by victims of sexual trafficking such as experiencing anxiety, feelings of guilt, loss of self-confidence and not infrequently experiencing symptoms of post-traumatic stress. Researchers also discussed the traumatic experiences experienced by victims of sexual trafficking. The existence of social support from the closest people such as family and friends, assistance from experts and professionals such as psychologists is considered able to reduce the trauma of victims of sexual trafficking


Clawson, H. ., & Goldblatt Grace, L. (2007). Finding a path to recovery: Residential facilities for minor victims of domestic sex trafficking. Human Trafficking: Data and Documents, 10.

Eriksson, C. B., Van De Kemp, H., Gorsuch, R., Hoke, S., & Foy, D. W. (2001). Trauma exposure and PTSD symptoms in international relied and development personel. Journal of Traumatic Stree, 14, 205–219.

Fleming, R., Baum, A., Gisriel, M. M., & Gatchel, R. J. (1982). Mediating influences of social support on stress at Three Mile Islan. Journal of Human Stress, 8, 14–22.

Franchino-Olsen, H. (2021). Vulnerabilities Relevant for Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children/Domestic Minor Sex Trafficking: A Systematic Review of Risk Factors. Trauma, Violence, and Abuse, 22(1), 99–111. https://doi.org/10.1177/1524838018821956

Greenbaum, J. (2018). Child Sex Trafficking and Commercial Sexual Exploitation. Advances in Pediatrics, 65(1), 55–70. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.yapd.2018.04.003

Herdiana, I. (2019). Memahami Human Trafficking di Indonesia.

Herdiana, I., Chusairi, A., & Zein, R. . (2014). Peningkatan Kapasitas Psikososial Berbasis Komunitas Untuk Mencegah Terjadinya Perdagangan Manusia (Human Trafficking) di Jawa Timur.

Herdiana, I., & Kanthi, S. R. (2017). Potret Kondisi Psikologis Korban Human Trafficking.

Johnson, B. C. (2019). Featured counter-trafficking program: Trauma recovery for victims of sex trafficking. Child Abuse and Neglect, 100(February). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2019.104153

Kaylor, L. (2015). Psychological Impact of Human Trafficking and Sex Slavery Worldwide: Empowerment and Intervention.

Kiling, I. Y., Kiling, B. N., & Bunga. (2019). Motif, Dampak Psikologis, Dan Dukungan Pada Korban Perdagangan Manusia Di Nusa Tenggara Timur. Jurnal Psikologi Ulayat, 6, 83–101. https://doi.org/10.24854/jpu02019-218

Kulsum. (2021). Data dan Fakta Perdagangan Orang di Indonesia. Kompas Pedia. https://kompaspedia.kompas.id/baca/paparan-topik/data-dan-fakta-perdagangan-orang-di-indonesia

Kulsum, U. (2016). Hubungan Dukungan Sosial dan Trait Kecemasan dengan Trauma pada Korban Perdagangan Manusia. Jurnal Sains Dan Praktik Psikologi, 2(3), 243–255. http://ejournal.umm.ac.id/index.php/jspp/article/view/2888

Marliana, T. (2012). Kajian Tentang Pengalaman Hidup Perempuan Korban Trafficking dalam Prespektif Kesehatan Jiwa. Universitas Indonesia.

Menon, B., Stoklosa, H., Van Dommelen, K., Awerbuch, A., Caddell, L., Roberts, K., & Potter, J. (2020). Informing Human Trafficking Clinical Care Through Two Systematic Reviews on Sexual Assault and Intimate Partner Violence. Trauma, Violence, and Abuse, 21(5), 932–945. https://doi.org/10.1177/1524838018809729

Meshkovska, B., Siegel, M., Stutterheim, S. E., & Bos, A. E. (2015). Female sex trafficking: Conceptual issues, current debates and future directions. Journal of Sex Research, 52(4), 380–395.

Ningsih, S. Z., & Satiningsih, S. (2013). Pengalaman Hidup Seorang Remaja Putri Korban Trafficking Dalam Bentuk Eksploitasi Seksual. Jurnal Psikologi Teori Dan Terapan, 4(1), 56. https://doi.org/10.26740/jptt.v4n1.p56-70

Pickett, Y. G. (1998). Therapist in Distress: An integrative look at burnout, secondary traumatic stress and vicarious traumatization. Universty of Mssouri-St. Louis.

Rafferty, Y. (2007). Children for sale: Child trafficking in Southeast Asia. Child Abuse Review, 16(6), 401–422. https://doi.org/10.1002/car.1009

Reed, S. M., Kennedy, M. A., Decker, M. R., & Cimino, A. N. (2019). Friends, family, and boyfriends: An analysis of relationship pathway into commercial sexual exploitation. Child Abuse and Neglect, 90, 1–12.

Rimawati, E. (2010). Fenomena Perilaku Seksual “Ayam Kampus” di Kota Semarang. Jurnal Promosi Kesehatan Indonesia, 5, 36–46.

Yanuar Pranawati, S., Soekandar Ginanjar, A., Woodrow Matindas, R., & Irwanto, I. (2020). Kerentanan Remaja Perempuan Korban Eksploitasi Seksual Komersial Di Bandung. Sosio Konsepsia, 9(2), 198–212. https://doi.org/10.33007/ska.v9i2.1868



How to Cite

Rachmadhani, T. C., Liana Puspita, S. A., Cahyanti, I. Y., & Herdiana, I. (2024). A Literature Review of the Trauma of Women Victims of Sexual Trafficking. Jurnal Psikogenesis, 12(1), 94–101. https://doi.org/10.24854/jps.v12i1.2073