Submission Guidelines


Journal Content

The manuscript should be written in English in a clear, direct, and active style. All pages must be numbered sequentially, facilitating in the reviewing, and editing of the manuscript. Contributions for all journals may include research papers, case studies, meta-analysis, and review papers.

Material must be original, scientifically accurate, and in good form editorially. The manuscript should be informative, summarizing the basic facts and conclusions, and maintaining a coherence and unity of thought.


Manuscripts should be submitted by one of the authors of the manuscript through the online manuscript submission system. Submissions by anyone other than one of the authors will not be accepted.

Word Limits

A typical paper for this journal should be no more than 7500 words or 20 pages, inclusive of:

  • Tables
  • References
  • Figure or table captions
  • Footnotes

 Text Formatting

  • Font: Use Times New Roman font in size 12 with single-line spacing.
  • Title: Use bold for your article title, with an initial capital letter for any proper nouns
  • Page numbering: Use the automatic page numbering function to number the pages
  • Indent: Use tab stops or other commands for indents, not the space bar.
  • Headings: Please use the decimal system of headings with no more than three levels.
    • First-level headings should be in bold and uppercase.
      Examples: 1. INTRODUCTION; 4. DISCUSSION
    • Second-level headings should be in bold, with an initial capital letter for any proper nouns.
      Examples: 2.1. Participants; 3.1. Descriptive Statistics
    • Third-level headings should be in italics, with an initial capital letter for any proper nouns.
      Example: 2.1 Indonesian version of Ten-Item Personality Inventory (TIPI-I)
  • File format: Save your file in docx format (Word 2007 or higher) or doc format (older Word versions)


Before you submit, you will need:

The title page: Title page should include paper title, author(s) full name and affiliation, corresponding author(s) names complete affiliation/address, along with email.

The main text: This is a single file including main body text, figures, and tables. All required sections should be contained in your manuscript, including abstract, introduction, methods, results, discussion and conclusions. Figures and tables should have legends. References may be submitted in accordance with Publication Manual of the APA 7th Editon.

Title Page

The title page should include:

  • A short informative title containing the major key words. The title should not contain abbreviations.
  • A short running title of less than 40 characters.
  • The full names of the authors.
  • The affiliation(s) of the author(s), i.e. institution, (department), city, (state), country
  • A clear indication and an active e-mail address of the corresponding author
  • Abstract (English) and Abstrak (Bahasa Indonesia) without any subheadings
  • Keywords
  • Acknowledgments

You may like to use this template for your title page.

Main Text

The main text should include:

  • A short informative title containing the major keywords. The title should not contain abbreviations.
  • Abstract (English) and Abstrak (Bahasa Indonesia) without any subheadings.
  • Three to seven keywords.
  • Main body: formatted as
    2. METHODS
    3. RESULTS
  • Tables & figures (each table and figure complete with title and caption/footnotes).

As papers are double-blind peer reviewed, the main text file should not include any information that might identify the authors. Please do not mention the authors’ names or affiliations and always refer to any previous work in the third person.

Article Title

The title should be precise and brief and must not be more than 100 characters. Authors should avoid the use of non-standard abbreviations and question marks in titles. The title must be written in title case except for articles, conjunctions, and prepositions.


Please provide an abstract of between 150 and 250 words, giving a clear, concise, and accurate statement of the introduction, objective, methods, results, and conclusions of the article. Use of abbreviations should be avoided, and the references should not be cited in the abstract.


3 to 7 keywords must be provided. Choose important and relevant keywords that researchers in your field will be searching for so that your paper will appear in a database search. The keywords should be contained in the title, and they should appear several times in the article.

Main Body

  • Introduction
    This section should explain the background to the study, its aims, a summary of the existing literature and why this study was necessary or its contribution to the field. The introduction should explain the rationale behind the current study, placing the research topic and study within the context of the current research landscape. Authors should summarize and cite previous research relevant to the current study and highlight the gap in knowledge being filled by the present research. The introduction should clearly pose the research question, describe the research design, and outline the authors’ hypothesis.
  • Methods
    This section should describe the methodology used in the study, including details about participants, materials, procedures, and data analysis techniques. should be part of the Methods Section.
  • Results
    This section should present the collected data and analysis. Results for all measures should be reported in a concise, straightforward manner, using tables or figures when appropriate. Duplication of information that is presented in tables or figures should be minimal in the text, and all results should be reported in the text, rather than figure captions. Authors should be particularly attentive to APA style when typing statistical details (e.g., Ns for chi-square tests, formatting of dfs) and mindful to exclude interpretation and discussion of the findings or any details related to methodology from this section. If you need further guidance, learn more on how to report statistics in the text of a research report in APA Style.
  • Discussion
    This section should discuss the findings in the context of the research question initially posed and the authors’ hypothesis. The Discussion should also explore the broader implications and significance of the findings, as well as specific recommendations for the direction of future research on the topic and highlight limitations of the study.
  • Conclusion
    A small paragraph summarizing the contents of the article, presenting the final outcome of the research or proposing further study on the subject, may be given at the end of the article under the Conclusion section.
  • A note on manuscripts presenting multiple studies: For some research articles that include multiple studies, an alternate structure might be appropriate, e.g., general introduction – Study 1 introduction – Method – Results – Discussion – Study 2 introduction – Method – Results – Discussion – etc. – General Discussion. Authors who choose to structure their manuscript in this manner should note that Results and Discussion sections for each study should not be combined; a combined Results and Discussion section will be treated simply as a Discussion section and will be counted toward the word limit.


Every citation in the text should be listed in the reference list, and vice versa.  Note that online sources should be cited in the same manner as print sources (i.e., author and date in parentheses).  Be sure to cite sources for all software and include full reference information. References should be formatted in accordance with APA style. Relevant examples:

  • Journal article:
    Russano, M. B., Meissner, C. A., Narchet, F. M., & Kassin, S. M. (2005). Investigating true and false confessions within a novel experimental paradigm. Psychological Science, 16(6), 481–486.
  • Authored book:
    Krumhansl, C. L. (1990). Cognitive foundations of musical pitch. Oxford University Press.
  • Chapter in edited book:
    Mazziotta, J. C., Toga, A. W., & Friston, K. J. (2000). Experimental design and statistical issues. In J. C. Mazziotta & A. W. Toga (Eds.), Brain mapping: The disorders (pp. 33–58). Academic Press.
  • Source with 21 or more authors:
    Kalnay, E., Kanamitsu, M., Kistler, R., Collins, W, Deaven, D., Gandin, L., Iredell, M., Saha, S., White, G., Woollen, J., Zhu, Y., Chelliah, M., Ebisuzaki, W, Higgins, W, Janowiak, J., Mo, K. c., Ropelewski, c., Wang, J., Leetmaa, A., . . . Joseph, D. (1996). The NCEP/NCAR 40-year reanalysis project. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 77(3), 437–471.<0437:TNYRP>2.0.CO;2
  • Online source:
    Rogers, O. (2021, July 9). Why naming race is necessary to undo racism. Psychology Today.
  • Software:
    R Core Team. (2021). R: A language and environment for statistical computing (Version 4.1.0) [Computer software]. Retrieved from

Click here to learn the comprehensive reference examples and here to download the common reference examples guide.


Contributions from anyone who does not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed, with permission from the contributor, in an Acknowledgments section. Financial and material support should also be mentioned. Thanks to anonymous reviewers are not appropriate. If you do not have anyone to acknowledge, please write "Not applicable" in this section.

Tables & Figures

Tables should be self-contained and complement, not duplicate, information contained in the text. They should be supplied as editable files, not pasted as images. Table titles (max 15 words) should be included above the table, and legends (max 300 words) should be included underneath the table. Legends should be concise but comprehensive – the table, legend, and footnotes must be understandable without reference to the text. All abbreviations must be defined in footnotes. Footnote symbols: †, ‡, §, ¶, should be used (in that order) and *, **, *** should be reserved for P-values. Statistical measures such as SD or SEM should be identified in the headings.

Each figure should have a concise caption describing accurately what the figure depicts. Figure captions begin with the term Fig. in bold type, followed by the figure number, also in bold type. Figures should be uploaded in the correct orientation. Figure titles (max 15 words) and legends (max 300 words) should be provided in the main manuscript, not in the graphic file. Figures should be high quality (600 dpi for grayscale and 300 dpi for color, at the correct size). Figures should be supplied in one of our preferred file formats: PNG, JPEG, JPG, TIFF, or Microsoft Word (DOC or DOCX). Each figure should be closely cropped to minimize the amount of white space surrounding the illustration.

Tables and figures should be embedded near to where they are discussed in the main text. Tables and figures should be numbered and cited in the text in sequence using Arabic numerals (i.e. Table 1, Table 2; Fig. 1, Fig. 2, etc.). Identify previously published material by giving the original source in the form of a reference citation at the end of the figure or table caption. Please note that it is the responsibility of the author(s) to obtain permission from the copyright holder to reproduce figures or tables that have previously been published elsewhere.

We strongly recommend that you carefully read the following links on how to set up tables and figures in APA styles.

Table setup; samples
Figure setup; samples

In-Text Citation

Include an in-text citation when you refer to, summarize, paraphrase, or quote from another source. For every in-text citation in your paper, there must be a corresponding entry in your reference list. In-text citations have two formats:

  1. Parenthetical - the author’s name and publication date (or equivalent information) appear in parentheses. For example: Falsely balanced news coverage can distort the public's perception of expert consensus on an issue (Burnside, 2016).
  2. Narrative - the author’s name appears in running text and the date appears in parentheses immediately after the author’s name. For example: Burnside (2016) noted the dangers of falsely balanced news coverage.

The table below shows several examples of parenthetical and narrative citations.

Author Type

Parenthetical Citation

Narrative Citation

One Author

(Case, 2011)

Case (2011)

Two Authors

(Case & Daristotle, 2011)

Case and Daristotle (2011)

Three or More Authors

(Case et al., 2011)

Case et al. (2011)

Group Author with Abbreviation

First Citation

Subsequent Citations


(World Health Organization [WHO], 2020)

(WHO, 2020)


World Health Organization (WHO, 2020)

WHO (2020)

Group Author Without Abbreviation

(Yale University, 2020)

Yale University (2020)

When citing a secondary source, identify the primary source and write “as cited in” the secondary source that you used. If the year of publication of the primary source is known, also include it in the text citation (e.g. (Rabbitt, 1982, as cited in Lyon et al., 2014)). If the year of the primary source is unknown, omit it from the in-text citation (e.g. Allport’s diary (as cited in Nicholson, 2003)).