Be Achievement Oriented, Be Resilient: Studi tentang Achievement Goal Oriented dan Resiliensi Akademik pada Mahasiswa

Uke Widya Ningtyas, Dewi Kumalasari

Abstract


Mahasiswa perlu memiliki resiliensi akademik sebagai upaya ketahanan untuk mengatasi situsi sulit dalam bidang akademik dan dapat meningkatkan keberhasilan dilihat dari respon adaptif individu dalam aspek kognitif, afektif, dan konatif. Salah satu variabel yang berkaitan dengan resiliensi akademik yaitu, achievement goal orientations untuk mencapai tujuan di bidang akademik. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan antara achievement goal orientations dan resiliensi akademik pada mahasiswa. Metode penelitian ini kuantitatif dengan teknik accidental sampling dengan karakteristik partisipan sebagai mahasiswa aktif S1 yang sedang menjalani pendidikan di Indonesia dan penyebaran kuesioner penelitian menggunakan google form online. Jumlah partisipan dalam penelitian ini 179 orang mahasiswa aktif. Instrumen penelitian yang digunakan adalah Achievement Goal Questionnaire Revised (AGQ-R) untuk mengukur goal orientation dan ARS-Indonesia untuk mengukur resiliensi akademik. Hasil penelitian menggunakan teknik uji korelasi spearman rank menunjukkan bahwa terdapat hubungan positif dan signifikan antara resiliensi akademik dan dimensi-dimensi pada achievement goal orientations yaitu, mastery approach, performance approach, performance avoidance. Semakin tinggi achievement goal orientations pada dimensi mastery approach, performance approach dan performance avoidance maka, semakin tinggi resiliensi akademik pada diri individu tersebut.


Keywords


Academic Resilience; Achievement Goal Orientations; Students

Full Text:

PDF

References


Agolla, J. E., & Ongori, H. (2009). An assessment of academic stres among undergraduate students: the case of university of bostwana. Educational Research and Reviews, 063-070.

Ahmed, U., Umrani, W. A., Qureshi, M. A., & Samad, A. (2018). Examining the links between teachers support, academic efficacy, academic resilience, and student engagement in Bahrain. International Journal of Advanced And Applied Sciences, 5(9), 39-46. doi:10.21833/ijaas.2018.09.008

Amelasasih, P., Aditama, S., & Wijaya, M. R. (2018). Resiliensi akademik dan subjective well-being. Proceeding National Conference Psikologi UMG 2018, 161-167.

Apuke, O.D. (2017). Quantitative research methods a synopsis approach. Arabian Journal of Business and Management Review (Kuwait Chapter), 6(10), 40-47. doi:10.12816/0040336

Arias, J. F. (2004). Recent perspectives in the study of motivation: goal orientation theory. Electronic Journal of Research in Educational Psychology.

Cassidy, S. (2016). The academic resilience scale (ARS-30): a new multidimensional construct measure. Frontiers in Psychology. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01787

Daniels, L. M., Haynes, T. L., Stupnisky, R. H., Perry, R. P., Newall, N. E., & Pekrun, R. (2008). Individual differences in achievement goals: A longitudinal study of cognitive, emotional, and achievement outcomes. Contemporary Educational Psychology 33, 584–608. doi:10.1016/j.cedpsych.2007.08.002

Dweck, C. S. (1986). Motivational processes affecting learning. American Psychologist, 41(10), 1040-1048. doi:https://doi.org/10.1037//0003-066x.41.10.1040

Erberber, E., Stephens, M., Mamedova, S., Ferguson, S., & Kroeger, T. (2015). Socioeconomically disadvantaged students who are academically succesful: examining academic resilience Crossnationally. IEA's Policy Brief Series(5), 1-12.

Elliot, A. J., & McGregor, A. (2001). A 2 x 2 achievement goal framework. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 80(3), 501-519. doi:10.1O37//OO22-3514.80.3.501

Elliot, A. J., & Murayama, K. (2008). On the measurement of achievement goals: Critique, illustration, and application. Journal of Educational Psychology, 100(3), 613-628. doi:10.1037/0022-0663.100.3.613

Hasim, F., Rahman, I. K., & Hakiem, H. (2019). Hubungan regulasi diri dengan prokrastinasi akademik siswa sman 6 kota bogor. 1(1), 114-121.

Harackiewicz, J. M., Barron, K. E., & Elliot, A. J. (1998). Rethinking achievement goals: when are they adaptive for college students and why? Educational Psychologist, 33(1), 1-21.

Jowkar, B., Kojuri, J., Kohoulat, N., & Hayat, A. A. (2014). Academic resilience in education: the role of achievement goal orientations. Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Proffesionalism, 2(1), 33-38.

Kumalasari, D., & Akmal, S. Z. (2020). Resiliensi akademik dan kepuasan belajar daring di masa pandemi COVID-19: Peran mediasi kesiapan belajar daring. Persona: Jurnal Psikologi Indonesia , 9(2), 353-368. doi:https://doi.org/10.30996/persona.v9i2.4139

Kumalasari, D., Luthfiyanni, N. A., & Grasiaswaty, N. (2020). Analisis faktor adaptasi instrumen resiliensi akademik versi Indonesia: pendekatan eksploratori dan konfirmatori. Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengukuran Psikologi, 9(2), 84-95. doi:10.21009/JPPP.092.06

Kurniawan, R. (2013). Hubungan antara self-regulated learning dengan prokrastinasi akademik pada mahasiswa jurusan psikologi. Skripsi, 1-219.

Lubis, I. A. (2017). Gambaran resiliensi akademik pada First Generation College Students (FGCS) di fakultas psikologi USU. Skripsi, 1-166.

Martin, A. J., Marsh, H. W., Williamson, A., & Debus, R. L. (2003). Self-handicapping, defensive pessimism, and goal orientation: a qualitative study of university students. Journal of Educational Psychology, 95(3), 617-628. doi:10.1037/0022-0663.95.3.617

Martin, A. J., & Marsh, H. W. (2009). Academic resilience and academic buoyancy: multidimensional and hierarchical conceptual framing of causes, correlates, and cognate constructs. Oxford Review of Education, 35, 353-370. doi: 10.1080/03054980902934639

Mwangi, C. N., Okatcha, F. M., Kinai, T. K., & Ireri, A. M. (2015). Relationship between academic resilience and academic achievement among secondary school students in kiambu county, kenya. International Journal of School and Cognitive Psychology, S2:003. doi:10.4172/2469-9837.S2-003

Nicholls, J. G. (1984). Achievement motivation: conceptions of ability, subjective experience, task choice, and performance. Psychological Review, 91(3), 328-346.

Pattynama, P. C., Sahrani, R., & Heng, P. H. (2019). Peran regulasi diri dalam belajar dan keterlibatan akademik terhadap intensi mengundurkan diri dengan resiliensi akademik sebagai mediator. Jurnal Muara Ilmu Sosial, Humaniora, dan Seni, 3(2), 307-317.

Phan, H. P. (2014). Antecedents and consequences of mastery goals: amalgamating different theoretical orientations. British Journal of Education, Society & Behavioural Science, 4(4), 415-439.

Rahmawati, S., Indriayu, M., & Sabandi, M. (2017). Pengaruh tekanan akademik terhadap prestasi akademik mahasiswa pendidikan ekonomi fakultas keguruan dan ilmu pendidikan universitas sebelas maret. 1-15.

Santrock, J. W. (2012). Lifespan development jilid 2. Jakarta: Erlangga.

Sideridis, G. D., & Kaplan, A. (2011). Achievement Goals and Persistence Across Tasks: The Roles of Failure. The Journal of Experimental Education, 79, 429-451. doi:10.1080/00220973.2010.539634

Splan, R. C., Brooks, R. M., Porr, S., & Broyles, T. W. (2011). Resiliency and achievement goal orientation among agricultural students. NACTA Journal, 31-38.

Stallman, H.M. (2009). Prevalence of psychological distress in university students: implication for delivery service. Australian Family Physician, 37, 673-677.

Sugiyono. (2013). Metode penelitian kuantitatif, kualitatif, dan R&D. Bandung: Alfabeta.

Sugiyono. (2016). Statistika untuk Penelitian. Bandung: Alfabeta.

Tumanggor, R. O., & Dariyo, A. (2015). Pengaruh iklim kelas terhadap resiliensi akademik, mastery goal orientation dan prestasi belajar. Seminar Psikologi & Kemanusiaan, 262-268.

Wang, C. K., Liu, W. C., & Chye, S. (2010). Achievement goals, implicit theories and behavioral regulation among polytechnic engineering students. The International Journal of Research and Review, 5(2).

Wibowo, U.F. (2018). Resiliensi akademik mahasiswa yang sedang menempuh skripsi. Skripsi, 1-29.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.24854/jps.v9i2.1956

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2022 Uke Widya Ningtyas, Uke Widya Ningtyas

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

INDEXED IN:

Garuda Google Scholar CrossRef

OneSearch Indonesia BASE ROAD

DOAJSINTA

 

YARSI

Fakultas Psikologi 
Universitas Yarsi 
Jln. Letjend Soeprapto, Cempaka Putih 
Jakarta Pusat 10510 
Telp/fax : 021-4223138 


Web Analytics View Jurnal Psikogenesis Stats

Free counters!

Creative Commons License
Jurnal Psikogenesis is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.