Efektivitas Cognitive Behavioral Group Therapy berbasis Daring dalam Meningkatkan Self-Esteem pada Mahasiswa yang Mengalami Kecemasan dalam Upward Social Comparison

Hidayati Hidayati, Fivi Nurwianti

Abstract


Kecemasan merupakan masalah yang umum terjadi pada kelompok mahasiswa. Meskipun pada dasarnya cemas merupakan respon yang adaptif, namun jika cemas berlebihan akan mengganggu performa dari seseorang. Cemas dapat muncul di berbagai situasi yang dipersepsi mengancam dan penuh dengan ketidakpastian, salah satunya pada konteks social comparison. Individu membandingkan dirinya dan melihat orang lain lebih baik sehingga menimbulkan persepsi negatif terhadap diri. Saat orang lain dipersepsi lebih baik maka muncul rasa inferior yang menyebabkan rendahnya self-esteem. CBT kelompok dirancang untuk meningkatkan self-esteem dengan merekonstruksi pikiran negatif terhadap diri sendiri. Desain penelitian menggunakan model pre-post dan dilanjutkan dengan sesi follow-up. Intervensi dilakukan sebanyak enam kali pertemuan menggunakan modul CBT yang telah diadaptasi sesuai kebutuhan dan dilakukan secara daring. Secara kualitatif hasil menunjukkan bahwa CBT kelompok dengan metode daring cukup efektif dalam meningkatkan self-esteem pada tiga orang partisipan yang diiringi dengan menurunnya gejala kecemasan. Pada partisipan yang tidak mengalami penurunan kecemasan, kemungkinan disebabkan oleh faktor lain seperti trait maupun kondisi sulit lain yang dihadapi oleh partisipan saat ini. Meskipun demikian, secara kualitatif, semua partisipan melaporkan terdapat perubahan dalam pola pikir yang lebih positif terhadap diri sendiri. Dalam pelaksanaan secara daring terdapat beberapa hal yang diperhatikan seperti koneksi internet, interaksi antar, partisipan, dan membangun rapport dengan menggunakan aplikasi yang memfasilitasi terjadinya interaksi.

Keywords


kecemasan; CBT; self-esteem; Upward social comparison

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.24854/jps.v8i2.1501

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