Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) dan Psychological Capital Intervention (PCI) untuk Mengurangi Burnout pada Perawat Lansia

Josephine Indah Setyawati, Yudiana Ratnasari

Abstract


Perawat lansia yang bekerja di panti werdha sangat rentan mengalami burnout dan dapat memengaruhi penurunan performa kerja. Salah satu intervensi yang dapat digunakan untuk membantu mengatasi stress, menurunkan tingkat burnout dan mengantisipasi terjadinya burnout yaitu Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) menggunakan pendekatan mindfulness, peserta diajak untuk menyadari situasi diri sini dan kini. Untuk mengantisipasi terjadinya burnout, penting juga untuk mengembangkan psychological capital (PsyCap), karakteristik positif yang dapat melindungi diri saat menghadapi situasi sulit, terutama aspek harapan dan optimisme. Peserta yang mengikuti intervensi ini yaitu delapan perawat lansia di Panti Werdha M di Jakarta Utara yang sudah bekerja selama minimal 1 tahun. Pemilihan peserta didasari dari skor burnout yang lebih dari rata-rata populasi perawat di panti tersebut dengan menggunakan instrumen Caregiver Burnout yang didasari teori burnout dari Maslach dan Leiter (2016) dan mengalami penurunan performa kerja berdasarkan evaluasi kinerja. Intervensi yang dilakukan terdiri dari tiga sesi MBSR dan satu sesi PsyCap dengan durasi sekitar 120 menit setiap sesi. Sesi follow-up dilakukan dua minggu setelah intervensi. Data kuantitatif dan kualitatif menunjukkan adanya penurunan tingkat burnout, meski dimensi personal accomplishment tidak menunjukkan perubahan signifikan. Penelitian ini merekomendasikan MBSR dan PCI sebagai intervensi yang cukup efektif untuk menurunkan tingkat burnout bagi perawat lansia.

Keywords


Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction; Psychological Capital Intervention; burnout; Perawat lansia

Full Text:

PDF

References


Barello, S., Palamenghi, L., & Graffigna, G. (2020). Burnout and somatic symptoms among frontliner healthcare professionals at the peak of the Italian COVID-19 pandemic. Psychiatry Research, 290, 1-4.

Chung, G. (2010). Nursing assistant beliefs about their roles and nursing home residents : Implications for nursing home social work practice. Social Work in Health Care, 49(8), 718-733.

Cocco, E., Gatti, M., de Mendonça Lima, C. A., & Camus, V. (2003). A comparative study of stress and burnout among staff caregivers in nursing homes and acute geriatric wards. International journal of geriatric psychiatry, 18(1), 78-85.

Fjorback LO, Arendt M, Ømbøl E, Fink P, & Walach H (2011). Mindfulness-based stress reduction and mindfulness-based cognitive therapy—A systematic review of randomized controlled trials. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 124(2), 102–119.

Grossman, P., Niemann, L., Schmidt, S., & Walach, H. (2004). Mindfulness-based stress reduction and health benefits: A meta-analysis. Journal of psychosomatic research, 57(1), 35-43.

Goergen, T. (2001). Stress, conflict, elder abuse and neglect in German nursing homes: A pilot study among professional caregivers. Journal of Elder Abuse and Neglects, 13, 1–26.

Hansen, A., Buitendach, J.H., & Kanengoni, H. (2015). Psychological capital, subjective well-being, burnout and job satisfaction amongst educators in the Umlazi region in South Africa. SA Journal of Human Resource Management, 13(1), 1-9.

Hunt, C. K. (2003). Concepts in caregiver research. Journal of nursing scholarship, 35(1), 27-32.

Hoque, M. E. (2016). Three domains of learning : Cognitive, affective, and psychomotor. The Journal of EFL Education and Research, 2(2), 45-52.

Iacovides, A., Fountoulakis, K.N., Kaprinis, S., & Kaprinis, G. (2003). The relationship between job stress, burnout and clinical depression. Journal of Affective Disorders, 75, 209-221.

Kandelman, N., Mazars, T., & Levy, A. (2018). Risk factors for burnout among caregivers working in nursing homes. Journal of clinical nursing, 27(1-2), 147-153.

Laschinger, H. K. S., & Fida, R. (2014). New nurses burnout and workplace wellbeing: The influence of authentic leadership and psychological capital. Burnout Research, 1(1), 19-28.

Luthans, F., Avey, J. B., Avolio, B. J., Norman, S. M., & Combs, G. M. (2006). Psychological capital development: toward a micro?intervention. Journal of Organizational Behavior: The International Journal of Industrial, Occupational and Organizational Psychology and Behavior, 27(3), 387-393.

Luthans, F., & Jensen, S. M. (2002). Hope : A new positive strength for human resource development. Human Resource Development Review, 1(3), 304-322.

Luthans, F., Avolio, B. J., Avey, J. B., & Norman, S. M. (2007). Positive psychological capital: Measurement and relationship with performance and satisfaction. Personnel psychology, 60(3), 541-572.

Luthans, F., Youssef, C. M., & Avolio, B. J. (2007). Psychological Capital : Developing the Human Competitive Edge. New York : Oxford University Press.

Malinowski, P., & Lim, H. J. (2015). Mindfulness at work: Positive affect, hope, and optimism mediate the relationship between dispositional mindfulness, work engagement, and well-being. Mindfulness, 6(6), 1250-1262.

Maslach, C. & Jackson, S. E., & Leiter, M. P. (1997). Maslach Burnout Inventory. The Maslach Burnout Inventory Manual (3rd ed), 191 - 218. Palo Alto : Consulting Psychologist Press.

Maslach, C. & Leiter, M. P. (2016). Understanding the Burnout Experience: Recent Research and It’s Implication for Psychiatry. World Psychiatry, 103-111.

Okoye, U. O., & Asa, S. S. (2011). Caregiving and stress: Experience of people taking care of elderly relations in South-Eastern Nigeria. Arts and Social Sciences Journal, 2011(29), 1-9.

Peng, J., Jiang, X., Zhang, J., Xiao, R., Song, Y., Feng, X., ... & Miao, D. (2013). The impact of psychological capital on job burnout of Chinese nurses: the mediator role of organizational commitment. PloS one, 8(12).

Shapiro, S. L., Brown, K. W., & Biegel, G. M. (2007). Teaching self-care to caregivers: Effects of mindfulness-based stress reduction on the mental health of therapists in training. Training and Education in Professional Psychology, 1, 105–115.

Sherwin, E. D., Elliott, T. R., Rybarczyk, B. D., Frank, R. G., Hanson, S., & Hoffman, J. (1992). Negotiating the reality of caregiving: Hope, burnout and nursing. Journal of social and clinical psychology, 11(2), 129-139.

Waxman, H.M., Carner, E.A., & Berkenstock, G. (1984). Job turnover and job satisfaction among nursing home aides. The Gerontologist, 24(5), 503-509.

Weare, K. (2014). Evidence for mindfulness: Impacts on the wellbeing and performance of school staff. Mindfulness in Schools Project, 1-23.

Widyanti, R. N., & Bintari, D. R. (2010). Gambaran Kebahagiaan dan Karakteristik Positif Perempuan Dewasa Madya yang Menjadi Caregiver Informal Penderita Skizofrenia. Jurnal Ilmiah Psikologi MIND SET, 1(02), 110-117.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.24854/jps.v8i2.1498

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2021 Josephine Indah Setyawati, Yudiana Ratnasari

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

INDEXED IN:

Garuda Google Scholar CrossRef

OneSearch Indonesia BASE ROAD

DOAJSINTA

 

YARSI

Fakultas Psikologi 
Universitas Yarsi 
Jln. Letjend Soeprapto, Cempaka Putih 
Jakarta Pusat 10510 
Telp/fax : 021-4223138 


Web Analytics View Jurnal Psikogenesis Stats

Free counters!

Creative Commons License
Jurnal Psikogenesis is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.