Gambaran Status Kesehatan Masyarakat Desa Tanjung Pasir, Kecamatan Teluk Naga, Kabupaten Tangerang, Banten

Erlina Wijayanti, Kholis Ernawati, Yusnita Yusnita, Rifda Wulansari, Dini Widianti, Sugma Agung Prabowo

Abstract


Kesehatan merupakan modal utama bagi seseorang untuk dapat hidup produktif. Spectrum sehat paling minimal adalah bebas dari penyakit. Beberapa faktor dapat menyebabkan terjadinya penyakit pada seseorang, termasuk faktor perilaku. Kurangnya perilaku hidup bersih dan sehat (PHBS) masyarakat Desa Tanjung Pasir mengakibatkan risiko munculnya penyakit. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui gambaran status kesehatan masyarakat Desa Tanjung Pasir, Tangerang. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskriptif. Pengumpulan data melalui anamnesis dan pemeriksaan fisik. Dikatakan sehat apabila tidak ditemukan gejala/keluhan dari anamnesis dan pemeriksaan fisik dalam batas normal. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah warga Desa Tanjung Pasir, Kecamatan Teluk Naga, Kabupaten Tangerang, Provinsi Banten (N=9.595). Subjek penelitian adalah anggota keluarga pada daerah binaan Universitas YARSI di Desa Tanjung Pasir. Teknik pengambilan sampel menggunakan quota sampling. Data yang diperoleh kemudian dianalisa dengan SPSS menggunakan analisis deskriptif. Data didapat dari 68 responden. Responden perempuan lebih banyak yaitu 57,4% dan kelompok dewasa sebanyak 41,2%. Hasil analisis deskriptif menunjukkan bahwa terdapat 22,1% responden yang sehat sedangkan 77,9% menderita sakit. Lima penyakit terbanyak adalah ISPA sebesar 15,1% kemudian cefalgia sebesar 11,3%, dermatitis 9,4%, dispepsi 9,4% dan hipertensi 9,4%. Penelitian lebih lanjut diperlukan untuk menilai hubungan antara perilaku hidup bersih dan sehat (PHBS) dengan kejadian penyakit pada masyarakat Desa Tanjung Pasir.

Health is the main capital for a person to be able to have productive life. The lowest health status is that the disease free. Several factors can cause disease, including behavioral factors. The lack of clean and healthy lifestyles resulting in increasing risk of disease to people living in Tanjung Pasir Village. This study aims to describe the health status of Tanjung Pasir community. This research is a descriptive that collects data through history and physical examination. A person is categorized as health if there is no symptoms from history taking and the physical examinations are normal. Population in this research was a resident of the village of Tanjung Pasir, Teluk Naga, Tangerang, Banten (N=9.595). Subjects were family members at the Universitas YARSI’s target of public health service in the village of Tanjung Pasir. The sampling technique used in this study was quota sampling. The descriptive analysis of the obtained data was done using SPSS versi 17. Data was obtained from 68 respondents. About 57.4% respondents were female and 41.2% were adult. The descriptive analysis showed that 22.1% of respondents were healthy, while 77.9% were sick. Five most present diseases are acute respiratory tract infection (15.1%),  cefalgia (11.3%) dermatitis (9.4%), dyspepsia (9.4%) and hypertension (9.4%). Further research is needed to assess the relationship between hygiene and healthy behaviors and the incidence of the disease in the village of Tanjung Pasir.


Keywords


Status kesehatan; masyarakat

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.33476/jky.v23i2.94

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