Tingkat Depresi Keluarga Dengan Anak Berkebutuhan Khusus (Abk) Di Sekolah Luar Biasa (Slb) Kabupaten Kendal

Nura Eky Vikawati, Anggari Linda Destiana, Hesty Wahyuningsih

Abstract


Anak berkebutuhan khusus (ABK) membutuhkan perhatian lebih di segala bidang, tak jarang mereka mendatangkan masalah tersendiri bagi keluarganya. Beberapa penelitian menunjukan hubungan positif antara orang tua ABK dengan gejala psikopatologi termasuk depresi. SLB Negeri Kendal merupakan SLB terbesar di Kabupaten Kendal yang memiliki kurang lebih 183 siswa dengan ABK baik tuna grahita, tuna netra, tuna rungu, dan tuna daksa. Penelitian tentang pengukuran tingkat depresi pada keluarga dengan ABK di SLB Negeri Kendal belum pernah dilakukan sebelumnya.

Tingkat depresi diukur menggunakan Beck depression inventory (BDI). Sampling dilakukan dengan metode purposive random sampling dari wali murid (ayah, ibu, nenek, tante) Sekolah Dasar Luar Biasa (SDLB). Data demografi berupa hubungan responden dengan ABK, tingkat pendidikan dan pekerjaan, serta tingkat depresi ditampilkan dalam bentuk tabel dan pie chart.

Penelitian ini melibatkan 54 responden yang memenuhi kriteria inklusi. Dari 54 responden didapatkan 46.3% (25/54) memiliki skor BDI normal, 29.6% (16/54) dengan gangguan mood ringan, 9.3% (5/54) dengan depresi borderline, 11.1% (6/54) dengan depresi moderat, dan 3.7% (2/54) dengan depresi berat. Mayoritas responden merupakan first degree relative (66.7% ibu dan 24.1% ayah). Kebanyakan dari responden merupakan lulusan SD (33.3%) dan mayoritas bekerja sebagai IRT (55.6%).

Mayoritas keluarga ABK di SDLB Kabupaten Kendal pada penelitian ini tidak mengalami gejala depresi.

Keywords


Anak berkebutuhan khusus; depresi; Sekolah Luar Biasa; Dissabilitas Intelektual

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.33476/jky.v26i3.759

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