Aplikasi Model PRECEDE-PROCEED Pada Perencanaan Program Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Bidang Kesehatan Berbasis Penilaian Kebutuhan Kesehatan Masyarakat

Endang Sutisna Sulaeman, Bhisma Murti, Waryana Waryana

Abstract


Pemberdayaan masyarakat bertujuan untuk meningkatkan partisipasi masyarakat dalam program kesehatan. Model PRECEDE-PROCEED Green danKreuterdigunakansebagai model perencanaan program kesehatan berbasis penilaian kebutuhan masyarakat. Tujuan penelitian adalah mengaplikasikan model PRECEDE-PROCEED pada perencanaan program pemberdayaan masyarakat bidang kesehatan berbasis penilaian kebutuhan. Sasaran penelitian adalah para pengambil kebijakan serta pelaksana program Desa Siaga di Dinas Kesehatan Kabupaten, Puskesmas, dan Desa. Metode penelitianyangdiggunakanadalahmetode kualitatif berupa studi kasus. Lokasi penelitianberadadi Kabupaten Pati Provinsi Jawa Tengah dengan mengambil dua Desa Siaga. Hasil: Prioritas masalah kesehatan adalah Tuberkulosis (TB) dan Demam Berdarah Dengue (DBD). Faktorpredisposisi meliputi tingkat pendidikan, pengetahuan, keyakinan, sertakepercayaan pada takhayul dan dukun. Faktor pendukung meliputi penyuluhan dan pelatihan, ketersediaan sarana kesehatan, jaminan kesehatan, dukungan dana, sumberdaya lokal, dan sumberdaya alam. Faktor penguat meliputi kepemimpinan, dukungan sosial, modal sosial, norma sosial, gotong royong, penghargaan, akses informasi kesehatan dan keteladanan. Kesimpulan: Model perencanaan PRECEDE-PROCEED dapat diaplikasikan pada perencanaan program pemberdayaan masyarakat bidang kesehatan berbasis penilaian kebutuhan. Penyakit TB dan DBDdiidentifikasi oleh masyarakat sebagai prioritas masalah kesehatan. Pemberdayaan masyarakat bidang kesehatan diarahkan pada upaya perubahan perilaku dengan mempertimbangkan faktor predisposisi, penguat dan pendukung.

Keywords


Model PRECEDE-PROCEED; Pemberdayaan Masyarakat; Demam Berdarah Dengue;Tuberkulosis

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.33476/jky.v23i3.230

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