Gambaran anemia gizi dan kaitannya dengan asupan serta pola makan pada tenaga kerja wanita di Tangerang, Banteng

M. Arifin Suyardi, Ance Andriani, Benny L. Priyatna

Abstract


Health and nutritional status of female workers are factors determining the quality of human resources in the future. A cross sectional study was done in shoes factory on cutting and trimming department in Tangerang district, Banten. This study was conducted to observe the nutritional enemia profile in this group employing questionaire, anthropometric
measurement, physical and laboratory examination. The population was female workers. Subjects were chossen using inclusion criteria. A total of 125 persons were admitted in this study. Overall the prevalence of undernutrition was 23 (18.4%). Anemia was found in 78 (62.4%), consisted of 55 (44%) nutritional anemia and 23 (18.4%) unknown caused. Nutritional anemia were separated to iron deficiency anemia 44 (35.2%),B12 deficiency anemia 2 (1.6%), iron + B12 deficiency anemia 4 (3.2%), iron + folic acid deficiency anemia 2 (1.6%), B12 + folic acid deficiency anemia 2 (1.6%), iron + B12 + folic acid deficiency anemia 1 (0.8%). This study concluded that the nutritional anemia was related significantly (p<0.05) to inadequacy protein and iron intake was well as unpair food pattern. In the future, effort should be done to give adequate nutrients intake especially sources of protein, iron, folic acid and B12 vitamin.


Keywords


Female workers; anemia; food intake; food pattern

Full Text:

PDF

References


Badan Pusat Statistik 1997. Indikator Sosial Wanita Indonesia. Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta.

Brock JF, Davidson SS and Passmore R 1979. Human Nutrition and Dietetic, 7 ed., hal 100-104, 145148, Churchill Livingstone, London dan

New York.

Cooper MD & Bernard A 1995. Approach to the Diagnosis and Management of Anemia in Current Theraphy in Hematology Oncology., Kelton J.G. & Schiller J.G., eds 5 ed., hal 53-59, Mosby, New York, Philadelphia, Chicago.

DeMaeyer E and Adiels-Tegman M 1985. The Prevalence of Anemia in The World. Wld. Hl th. Stat.Q. 38, 302-316.

Goodman and Gilmans 1992. Iron and Folic Acid dalam The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics,8 ed., Hal 1282-96, 1302-06, Pergamon Press.,USA.

Hoofbrand AV 1992. Erythropoesis and Anemia. dalam Essential Haemotologi, 3 GAMBARAN ANEMIA GIZI DAN KAITANNYA DENGAN ASUPAN SERTA POLA MAKAN PADA TENAGA KERJA WANITA DI TANGERANG, BANTENG ed, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Boston.

Husaini MA, Suharno D, Husaini YK, Siagian UL 1989. Study Nutritional Anemia An Assesment of Information Compilation for Supporting and

Formulating National Policy and Program. Departemen Kesehatan RI, Jakarta.

Kaplan BH 1987. Syntetic and Metabolic Activities of the Erythrocyte dalam the Molecule Basic of Blood Disease, hal 100-118, WB Sanders Company Philadelphia.

Li R, Chen XC, Yan HC, Daurenberg P, Garby L, Hautvast JGAJ 1993. Prevalence and Type of Anemia in Female Cotton Mill Workers in Beijing, China., dalam Functional Consequences of Iron Deficiency in Chinese Female Workers, hal 19-37.

Mackilligin J, Giessler C, Asmuni R, Matulessy P and Jalil H 1984. Anemia In Woman Workers in Five Factories Presented at INACG Meeting, Denpasar., hal 14-18.

Muhilal, Jus’at I, Djalal P, dan Tarwotjo IG 1994. Angka Kecukupan Gizi yang Dianjurkan, dalam Risalah Widyakarya Pangan dan Gizi V 1993, (Rivai M.A., Nontji A., Erwidodo, Djalal F., Fariaz D., dan Fallah T.S., eds) hal 421-450. Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia.

Prawiroharjo S 1990. Fisiologi Haid dalam Ilmu Kebidanan., ed Wiknjosastro H., Sumapraja S., Saifuddin B.A.., Yayasan Bina Pustaka, Jakarta.

Sayogo S 1995. Beberapa Penelitian Mengenai Anemiadi Masyarakat. Seminar sehari mengenai anemia. FKUI, Jakarta, 18 April.

Tripathy K, Duque, Bolanos O, Lotero H and Mayoral LG 1972. Malabsorption Syndrome in Ascariasis. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 25, 1276-81.

Weatherall DJ 1987. Anemia: Pathophysiology, classification, and clinical features, dalam Oxford Textbook of Medicine (Weatherall D.J., Ledingham J.G.G. and Warell D.A., eds), 2 ed., hal 1966-72. Oxford University Press, Oxford.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.33476/jky.v17i1.194

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2016 YARSI Medical Journal

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

__________________________________________________________________________________________

Copyright of YARSI Medical Journal.

Powered by OJS.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution- NonCommercial 4.0 International License.