Pneumothoraks Spontan Bilateral: Komplikasi Inhalasi Metamfetamin

Elsis Mareta Erdiyenti, Fenty Anggrainy, Russilawati Russilawati, Oea Khairsyaf

Abstract


Metamfetamin adalah obat yang sering disalahgunakan karena efek stimulan dan euforia. Penggunaan inhalasi metamfetamin dapat menyebabkan kerusakan pada sistem pernapasan karena sebagian besar pengguna metamfetamin menghirup zat tersebut, sehingga paru secara langsung terpapar zat toksik. Pneumothoraks adalah akumulasi udara dalam rongga pleura, merupakan komplikasi yang jarang terjadi pada penyalahgunaan methamfetamin. Mekanisme terjadinya pneumothoraks adalah adanya barotrauma dan peningkatan tekanan intraalveolar akibat inhalasi amphetamin. Mekanisme lain adalah akibat toksik dan mediator inflamasi dari zat yang diinhalasi. Kasus ini melaporkan pneumothoraks spontan akibat inhalasi metamfetamin, menekankan kewaspadaan tentang komplikasi pneumothoraks akibat penggunaan metamfetamin.

Keywords


Pneumothoraks, Metamfetamin, Komplikasi

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.33476/jky.v28i2.1419

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