Apa dan bagaimana fertilisasi dengan bantuan

Bambang Wasito, Taufiq Hidayat

Abstract


Infertility is condition where pregnancy was never took place after 12 months of coitus without contraception. This is a problem of a spouse, since husband and wife has their own contribution in the rate of success of fertility potency of the spouse. Assisted Reproduktive Technology (ART) is medical techniques to help reproductive process in over coming the the impediment of the meeting of a sperm and an ovum that leads to a conception or fertilization. Artificial Insemination technique using husband’s sperm has a long record in helping infertile couple, but its rate of success is merely around 5%. Other technique is GIFT or Gamete Intra-Follopian Transfer, ZIFT or Zygote Intra Follopian Transfer and IVFET or In Vitro Fertilization-Embryo Transfer. The implementation of ART technique with micro manipulation gives hope to improve the rate of succsess, particularly to the infertile couple where husband has poor sperm condition. In 1992 is the milestone where the first pregnancy using ICSI or Intra Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection was published. From that time on, the rate of success is significantly improving The ICSI technique uses only one spermatozoon to fertilize an ovum.

Keywords


ART, GIFT, ZIFT, IVGET, ICSI, Infertility

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ahmadi A et all 1996. Methodology of Micromanipulation. Advanced Course on Micromanipulation and Coculture, Singapore, 21 – 24 may: Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology Natinal University of Singapore.

Bongso A and Fong CY 1995. Blastocyst Transfer in ART: Use of Embryo Coculture.Second Advanced Course on Micromanipulation ang Co – culture, Singapore, 21 – 24 may: Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology National University of Singapore.

Diedrich K et all 1988. Ovarium stimulation using pure FSH in an in-vitro fertilization programme. Human Reprood Suppl 3:23-28.

Edward R G and Streptoe P C 1974. Control of Human Ovulation, Fertilization o and Implantation Proc. R. Soc B iol Med 67; 932-936

Hadi 1991. Indikasi dan Seleksi Penderita Program Bayi Tabung, Surabaya:lab/UPF Obstertri dan Ginekologi FK UNAIR .

Hinting 1996. Perkembangan Teknik Rekayasa Reproduksi, Surabaya : lab Biomedik FK UNAIR

…….. 1999. ART pada infertilitas pria, pelatihan penatalaksanaan infertilitas pria dan analisa sperma, Surabaya, 21-23 Oktober: Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pelayanan Kesehatan.

Kasdu D dan Januadi Judi JE 2001. Kiat Sukses Pasangan Memperoleh Keturunan. Jakarta : Puspa swara ..

Moghissi, K.S and Wallach, E.E 1983. Unexplained infertility Fertil. Seteril 39:5.

Santoso B, Hadi S 1979 – 1986. Rekonstruksi Genitalia Interna pada Wanita Pasangan infertile dengan Tehnik Bedah Mikro di RSUD Dr. SutomoSurabaya

Soedarto 1990. Pengambilan Ovum dan Transfer Embrio, Surabaya: lab/ UPF Obstertri dan Ginekologi FK UNAIR.

Sumapraja S 1980. Beberapa Penelitian Klinik Pasangan Infertil. Tesis Jakarta

Sukaputra 1990. Stimulasi Ovulasi dalam Program FIV-ET , Surabaya: lab/UPF Obstetri dan Ginekologi FK UNAIR .

………….. 1991. Induksi Ovulasi, Surabaya: lab.UPF Obstetri dan Ginekologi FK UNAIR

Trounson AO, Wood JFL, Weeb J and Wood J 1981. Transfer in The Controlled Ovulatory Cycle, Science 212; 681-682.

Welner S et all 1988. Human Menopousal Gonodotropins: A Justifiable Therapy in Ovulatory Women With Long Standing Idiophatic Infertility. Am Jobstet Gynecol 158: 112 - 117

Wisanto A et all 1991. Fertilisasi In Vitro dan Trasfer Embrio, Jakarta: Unit Melati RSAB Harapan Kita.

World Health Organization 1992. WHO Laboratory manual for the examination of human semen and sperm-cervical mucus interaction




DOI: https://doi.org/10.33476/jky.v13i1.1058

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 YARSI Medical Journal

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

__________________________________________________________________________________________

Copyright of YARSI Medical Journal.

Powered by OJS.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution- NonCommercial 4.0 International License.